Section: User Commands (1)
Updated: April 2009
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iotop - simple top-like I/O monitor
iotop watches I/O usage information output by the Linux kernel (requires
2.6.20 or later) and displays a table of current I/O usage by processes
or threads on the system. At least the CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT,
CONFIG_TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING, CONFIG_TASKSTATS and CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS
options need to be enabled in your Linux kernel build configuration.
iotop displays columns for the I/O bandwidth read and written by each
process/thread during the sampling period. It also displays the percentage
of time the thread/process spent while swapping in and while waiting on I/O. For each process, its I/O priority (class/level) is shown.
In addition, the total I/O bandwidth read and written during the sampling
period is displayed at the top of the interface.
Use the left and right arrows to change the sorting, r to reverse the
sorting order, o to toggle the --only option, p to toggle the --processes option, a to toggle the --accumulated option, q to quit or i to change the priority of a thread or a process' thread(s). Any other key will force a refresh.
Show the version number and exit
- -h, --help
Show usage information and exit
- -o, --only
Only show processes or threads actually doing I/O, instead of showing all processes or threads. This can be dynamically toggled by pressing o.
- -b, --batch
Turn on non-interactive mode.
Useful for logging I/O usage over time.
- -n NUM, --iter=NUM
Set the number of iterations before quitting (never quit by default).
This is most useful in non-interactive mode.
- -d SEC, --delay=SEC
Set the delay between iterations in seconds (1 second by default).
Accepts non-integer values such as 1.1 seconds.
- -p PID, --pid=PID
A list of processes/threads to monitor (all by default).
- -u USER, --user=USER
A list of users to monitor (all by default)
- -P, --processes
Only show processes. Normally iotop shows all threads.
- -a, --accumulated
Show accumulated I/O instead of bandwidth. In this mode, iotop shows the amount of I/O processes have done since iotop started.
- -k, --kilobytes
Use kilobytes instead of a human friendly unit. This mode is useful when scripting the batch mode of iotop. Instead of choosing the most appropriate unit iotop will display all sizes in kilobytes.
- -t, --time
Add a timestamp on each line (implies --batch). Each line will be prefixed by the current time.
- -q, --quiet
suppress some lines of header (implies --batch). This option can be specified up to three times to remove header lines.
column names are only printed on the first iteration,
column names are never printed,
the I/O summary is never printed.
iotop was written by Guillaume Chazarain.
This manual page was started by Paul Wise for the
Debian project and is placed in the public domain.
- SEE ALSO
This document was created by
using the manual pages.